Symptoms, Conditions & Procedures

GI Conditions

Acid Reflux

Acid reflux is characterized by painful heartburn caused by stomach acid traveling back into the esophagus when the LES fails to close completely.

Anal Fissure

Anal fissures, a small rip or tear in the mucosa, can cause various symptoms like discomfort, pain, bloody stools, and spasms in the anal sphincter.

Anemia/Iron Deficiency

Anemia occurs when oxygen cannot be adequately transported throughout the body due to low levels of healthy RBCs. Iron deficiency often causes anemia.

Barrett's Esophagus

Barrett’s esophagus, a complication of GERD, presents as an alteration in the tissue lining the esophagus to become similar to intestinal tissue.

Biliary Obstruction

A biliary obstruction occurs when bile from the liver cannot move freely through the biliary system due to one or more bile ducts becoming blocked.

C. Difficile Colitis

C. difficile colitis is a condition causing swelling and inflammation in the intestines after the body becomes infected with clostridium difficile.

Celiac Disease

Celiac disease is a genetic autoimmune condition that causes the digestive system to react negatively when the body ingests items containing gluten.


Colitis refers to the inflammation of the mucosal lining of the GI tract, which can be caused by various conditions such as Crohn’s disease and IBD.

Colorectal Polyps

Colorectal polyps are harmless growths that form on the lining of the rectum or colon. If left untreated, these benign masses can become cancerous.

Colon Cancer

Colon cancer generally arises as benign growths called polyps in the colon or rectum. The disease can largely be prevented with routine screenings.

Crohn's Disease

Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that targets the colon and small bowel and causes painful swelling in the digestive tract.

Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)

Cyclic vomiting syndrome presents as episodes of severe nausea and vomiting where one cycle might consist of vomiting 6 to 20 times before subsiding.


Diverticulitis is the inflammation and infection of diverticula pouches in the intestinal lining. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.


Diverticulosis forms small pouches that push through the weakened lining of the intestines. If left untreated, it can progress into diverticulitis.


Dysphagia is a term used to describe the inability to swallow easily, which may cause discomfort and the feeling of food being stuck in the throat.

Eosinophilic Esophagitis

Eosinophilic esophagitis is a condition in which an accumulation of eosinophil cells in the lining of the esophagus causes inflammation and swelling.

Esophageal Motility Disorder

Esophageal motility disorder is a general term to describe swallowing disorders where ingested food cannot be transported to the stomach properly.


Esophagitis is a term used to describe the general inflammation of the esophagus, which can be triggered by infection, allergies, or other conditions.

Fatty Liver Disease

Fatty liver disease is a disorder where fat accumulates in liver cells. Left untreated, it can cause scarring and lead to cirrhosis and liver failure.


A fistula describes an abnormal connection in the body between two hollow organs. Fistulae can be medically induced or occur due to disease or injury.

Food Intolerance

Food intolerance is a condition where the digestive system cannot process certain foods correctly and triggers GI symptoms like diarrhea and vomiting.

Gallbladder Disease

Gallbladder disease is a group of conditions that negatively affect the gallbladder, such as gallstones, sclerosing cholangitis, and cholecystitis.


Gastritis refers to the irritation, inflammation, or wearing away of the stomach lining. The two main types include erosive and nonerosive gastritis.


Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, describes the consequences of frequently occurring acid reflux, which often displays symptoms of heartburn.

Helicobacter Pylori

Helicobacter pylori is a bacteria in the stomach that affects the digestive system. H. pylori infections can create ulcers and lead to stomach cancer.


Hemorrhoids, also called piles, are swollen veins, either internally in the rectum or externally on the anus, that have become irritated and protrude.


Hepatitis is described as the swelling or inflammation of the liver. There are different variations of hepatitis, the most common being A, B, and C.

Hiatal Hernia

A hiatal hernia is a condition where a portion of the stomach pushes upward through the small opening located in the diaphragm, known as the hiatus.


Iletis is a condition causing discomfort or swelling in the ileum and often manifests GI symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and weight loss.

Impacted Bowel

Impacted bowel is a condition that occurs when fecal matter or gas cannot be eliminated as needed due to a blockage in the gastrointestinal tract.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory bowel disease is a general term to describe swelling in the digestive tract. Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are two types of IBD.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic condition that causes recurrent GI symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating, and constipation.


Jaundice refers to the eyes and skin forming a yellowish hue due to excessive bilirubin. Jaundice generally indicates problems involving the liver.

Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance occurs when the body does not produce enough of an enzyme known as lactase to digest the lactose consumed in foods and liquids.

Liver Cirrhosis

Liver cirrhosis develops when the liver is inflamed and scarred. As scarring increases, liver function decreases, which can lead to liver failure.

Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis

NASH is a buildup of fat on the liver accompanied by inflammation, which can impact liver function and cause further health issues if not treated.


Pancreatitis occurs when the pancreas is inflamed and cannot function properly due to various issues like gallstones, trauma, or other conditions.

Peptic Ulcers

Peptic ulcers, or stomach ulcers, present as sores in the stomach or upper small intestine after the stomach lining becomes worn down due to pepsin.

Primary Biliary Cholangitis

Primary biliary cholangitis is a rare condition that destroys the intrahepatic bile ducts, allowing bile to build up in the liver and cause scarring.

Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis

Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a condition that attacks and damages the liver’s internal and external bile ducts, potentially leading to cirrhosis.

Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease that targets the large intestine causing painful inflammation and ulcers in the digestive tract.